英语四级六级培训课程

眼科有关词语中英对照

时间:2022-1-13 作者:大嘴外教网

眼科的全称是“眼病专科”。眼科是研究发生在视觉系统,包括眼球及与其相关联的组织有关疾病的学科。接下来小编为大家整理了眼科相关词汇中英对照,希望对你有帮助哦!

眼科相关词汇中英对照一:

a

阿托品 atropine 安定 diazepam

爱滋病 acquired immunodeficiency syndrome 安全守则 safety regulations

b

掰刀片器 razor blade breakers 白斑 leucoma

白内障 cataract 白内障囊内摘出术 (ICCE) intracapsular cataract extraction

白内障囊外摘出术 ECCE 白内障手术后创口裂开 wound leak after cataract surgery

白内障手术术前用药 premedication for cataract surgery 白内障术后护理 post-operative care for cataract surgery

斑翳 macula (corneal scarring) 包眼 patching of eye

包装箱 packing crates 暴露性角膜炎 exposure keratitis

杯-盘比 cup/disc ratio 鼻泪管阻塞 naso-lacrimal duct obstruction

毕妥斑 Bitot's spots 闭角型青光眼 angle closure glaucoma

闭角型青光眼 angle closure glaucoma 变性 degeneration

表面解剖 surface anatomy 病毒感染 viral infections

病史采集 history-taking 玻璃体 vitreous body

玻璃体积血 vitreous haemorrhage 玻璃体切除术 vitrectomy

c

苍蝇flies 草药herbal remedies

潮湿气候wet climates 虫叮咬insect stings

出血haemorrhage 初级保健primary health care

初级卫生保健primary health care 穿刺paracentesis

传统疗法traditional remedies 春季结膜炎鹅卵石样改变cobblestones in vernal conjunctivitis

春季卡他性结膜炎vernal conjunctivitis 刺囊吸引术discission and aspiration

醋氮酰胺acetazolamide 醋氮酰胺Diamox

d

带状光检眼镜streak retinoscopy

带状疱疹herpes zoster 单纯疱疹Herbert' pits

蛋白质-能量营养不良PEM, protein-energy malnutrition 倒睫trichiasis

低视力眼镜low vision spectacles 滴剂drops

地理分布geographical distribution 地塞米松dexmethasone

第一眼位primary position 点状角膜炎punctate keratitis

碘iodine 碘苷idoxuridine

电池batteries 电弧焊烧伤welder's arc burns

垫睑板,用汤匙做成lid plates, made from spoons 调查surveys

调节accommodation 丁烷气炉butane gas stoves

对光反射light reflex 钝挫伤contusion injuries

e

儿科学paediatrics

f

发病率incidence 翻转上睑everting of eyes

翻转上睑everting upper eyelid 防盲blindness prevention

房角后退angle recession 房水aqueous fluid

放射学radiology 非化脓性non-purulent

非计划性的白内障囊外摘出术unplanned ECCE 非洲Africa

肺炎双球菌pneumococcus spp. 分类法classifications

分类法classifications 缝线sutures

服务俱乐部service clubs 复视diplopia

副交感神经拟似剂parasympathomimetics 腹泻diarrhoea

g

干眼dry eye 干眼症xerophthalmia

干眼症xerophthalmia 干眼症的饮食治疗diet for xerophthalmia

甘露醇mannitol 甘油glycerol

杆体rods 感光perception of light

感光器photoreceptors 钢,碳和不锈钢steel, carbon vs stainless

高渗药物 hyperosmotic drugs 高眼压hypertension, ocular

高眼压ocular hypertension 革兰氏染色Gram's stain

工业气体industrial gases 公共卫生public health

公卫护士public health nursr 巩膜sclera

巩膜炎scleritis 骨性眶bony orbit

光感light perception 光投射projection of light

光投照light projection 光学optics

光学车间optical workshops 国家眼科项目national eye programmes

过敏反应anaphylaxis 过敏性结膜炎allergic conjunctivitis

过熟期白内障hypermature cataract 过熟期白内障Morgagnian cataract

h

河盲,盘尾丝虫病river blindness

黑蝇simulium damnosum 红霉素erythromycin

红眼red eye 虹膜iris

虹膜睫状体炎iridocyclitis 虹膜麻痹iridoplegia

虹膜膨隆iris bombe 虹膜切除术iridectomy

虹膜切开术iridotomy 虹膜炎iritis

后弹力膜Descemet's membrane 后段posterior segment

后房posterior chamber 后囊下白内障posterior subcapsular cataract

后葡萄膜炎posterior uveitis 后粘连posterior synechiae

护士nurse 化脓性purulent

化脓性结膜炎purulent conjunctivitis 化学性烧伤chemical injuries

环苯妥(一种扩瞳剂)cyclopentolate 环状切开术peritomy

患病率prevalence 黄斑变性macula degeneration

磺胺醋酰钠sulphacetamide 磺胺药sulphonamides

回形针paperclip 混浊opacities

眼科相关词汇中英对照二:

j

机构,资源organizations, resource 交感性眼炎sympathetic ophthalmia

交通事故accidents, automobile 肌肉muscles

焦距focal length 角膜瘢痕corneal scarring

激惹irritation 角膜擦伤abrasions ,corneal

继发性青光眼secondary glaucoma 角膜后沉着(K.P)keratic precipitates

家蝇house flies 角膜结膜炎keratoconjunctivitis

甲醇methyl alcohol 角膜软化症keratomalacia

钾丢失potassium loss 角膜炎keratitis

假芽孢菌pseudomonas spp. 角膜缘limbus

间接检眼镜indirect ophthalmoscopy 角膜真菌病keratomycosis

间质混浊media opacities 接触镜(隐形眼镜)contact lenses

减充血剂decongestants 街区local communities

检查examination 结核trberculosis

检查儿童时的约束restraint for examination of children 结节切除术nodulectomy in onchocerciasis

检影镜retinoscopy 结膜conjunctiva

睑板tarsal plates 结膜黑色素瘤melanoma of conjunctiva

睑结合膜tarsal conjunctiva 睑拉钩lid retractors

结膜色素沉着pigmentation of conjunctiva 睑裂闭合不全(兔眼)lagophthalmos

结膜水肿chemosis 睑裂缝合术tarsorrhaphy

结膜下出血subconjunctival haemorrhage' 睑裂黄斑pingueculum

结膜炎conjunctivitis 睑球粘连symblepharon

睫毛cilia 睑腺glands of eyelids

睫状充血ciliary flush 睑缘炎blepharitis

睫状肌麻醉眼药水cycloplegic eye drops 碱水lye

睫状体ciliary body 健康教育 education, health

睫状体分离术cyclodialysis 降眼压药hypotensive agents, ocular

睫状体冷凝术cyclocryopexy 降眼压药ocular hypotensive agents

交感神经能拟似药sympathomimetics

k

开睑器lid retractor

开角型青光眼open angle glaucoma 抗生素antibiotics

抗酸染色acid-fast stain 抗真菌剂antifungal agents

科-维杆菌Koch-Weeks bacillus 克里百菌属Knives, surgical

客观验光objective refraction 肯尼亚Kenya

扩瞳剂miotics 扩瞳剂mydriatic eye drops

l

拉钩(牵开器)retractors

老视眼presbyopia 蓝多氏视力表C chart (Landoldt)

泪膜tear film 泪阜caruncle

泪囊炎dacrycystitis 泪器lacrimal system

泪腺lacrimal gland 泪小点puncta

泪小管canaliculi 泪小管炎canaliculitis

类风湿关节炎rheumatoid arthritis 立体视stereopsis

利多卡因lidocaine 裂隙灯检查slit lamp examination

淋病gonorrhoea 淋菌性结膜炎gonococcal conjunctivitis

淋球菌gonococcal 鳞状细胞癌squamous cell carcinoma

流行病学epidemiology 流行病学家epidemiologists

流行性出血性结膜炎epidemic haemorrhagic conjunctivitis 漏leaks

颅内肿瘤intracranial mass 颅神经麻痹cranial nerve palsy

滤过性手术 filtering surgery 氯霉素chloramphenicol

m

麻风leprosy 麻疹measles

麻疹疫苗接种vaccination for measles 麻醉,表面,局部anaesthesia, local, topical

麦粒肿hordeolum 脉络膜choroid

脉络膜视网膜炎chorioretinitis 脉络膜脱离choroid separation

盲人定义blindness classification 毛果芸香碱pilocarpine

梅毒lues, syphilis 梅毒syphilis

媒介控制vector control 面对面视野粗试法cross-confrontation field testing

n

缪勒肌(平滑肌)Müller's muscles

木醇wood alcohol 内翻entropion

内斜视esotropia 内眼检查internal ocular examination

奈瑟氏淋球菌Neisseria gonorrheae 囊膜capsule

囊镊capsule forceps 尿素urea

尿用于传统疗法urine as traditional remedy 牛眼buphthalmos,ox eye

盘尾丝虫病onchocerciasis

盘尾丝虫性脉络膜炎choroiditis in onchocerciasis 泡沫床垫foam mattresses

培训初保人员training of primary health care workers 膨胀期白内障intumescent cataract

皮肤结节skin nodules 皮质类固醇corticosteroids, steroids

皮质类固醇steroids 破伤风预防tetanus prevention

葡萄膜uveal tract 葡萄膜炎uveitis

葡萄球菌Staphylococcus spp. 葡萄肿staphyloma

q

气候climates 汽车motor vehicles

汽车头灯automobiles 汽炉(消毒器械用)gas stoves, for sterilizing instruments

器械instruments 器械消毒sterilization of instruments

前弹力膜Bowman's membrane 前段anterior segment

前房anterior chamber 前房穿刺paracentesis of anterior chamber

前房盥洗irrigation of anterior chamber 前房积脓hypopyon

前房积血hyphema 前房角镜检查gonioscopy

前粘连anterior synechiae 浅前房shallow

青光眼glaucoma 青霉素penicillin

氢氧化钙calcium hydroxide 氢氧化钾potassium hydroxide

庆大霉素gentamicin 穹隆部 fornices

球后神经阻滞retrobulbar nerve block 驱逐性出血expulsive haemorrhage

驱逐性脉络膜出血expulsive choroidal haemorrhage 屈光refraction

屈光不正ametrapia,refractice errors 屈光度(D)dioptre

全科医生clinical officers 全葡萄膜炎panuveitis

r

热带气候tropical climates

日光sunlight

热烧灼thermal cautery

人工晶体植入术intraocular lens implants

人工泪液artificial tears

人工晶体artificial intraocular lenses

乳头papillae

弱视amblyopia,lazy eye

s

噻吗心安timolol maleate (Timoptic)

三级医院tertiary hospitals

散光astigmatism

沙眼trachoma

沙眼瘢痕scars in trachoma 沙眼的社区控制计划community control programmers for trachoma

沙眼分期法grading system for trachoma 沙眼滤泡follicles in trachoma

沙眼衣原体Chlamydia trachomatis

筛查screening

上睑提肌levator palpebrae superioris muscles

上斜视hypertropia

烧伤burns 烧灼术cautery

社区communities, local

肾上腺素adrenaline,epinephrine

狮子会Lions' Clubs

石油进眼petrol in eyes

世界卫生组织World Health Organization

视杯cup, optic

视觉残疾定义(WHO)visual disability, definition

视觉神经通道neural pathways for vision

视觉通路pathways for vision

视觉障碍,分类(WHO)visual impairment, classification

视力visual acuity 视乳头水肿papilledema

视神经optic nerve

视神经萎缩optic atrophy

视网膜retina 视网膜变性degeneration of retina

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