英语四级六级培训课程

和美国人聊天的小忌讳

时间:2022-1-14 作者:恒星英语学习网

大家都了解每一个国家都有各自的忌讳,所以学会各个国家的禁忌,能够帮助人际关系的交往。如此可以防止不少误解和尴尬。和美国人聊天的一些小禁忌:

Introduction: Standard American English Tips

标准英语小贴士

Speaking English is not only about using proper grammar. To use English effectively, you need to understand the culture in which it is spoken. Here are a number of important tips to remember when speaking English in the United States.

说英语不只要语法正确。想要有效的用英语,你需要知道语言用国的文化。假如你在美国说英语,那样下面这部分需要注意的地方是你应该知道的。

General Points to Remember

你需要记住的是:

* Most Americans only speak English: While it is true that more and more Americans speak Spanish, most Americans only speak English. Don’t expect them to understand your native language.

大多数美国人只说英语:目前愈加多的美国人能说西班牙语是事实,但大多数的美国人只说英语,所以别指望他们能听懂你的母语。

* Americans have difficulties understanding foreign accents: Many Americans are not used to foreign accents. This requires patience from both of you!

美国人理解外国口音有困难:不少美国人不习惯外国口音,所以你们交谈双方都需要有耐心。

Conversation Tips

交谈交流秘籍

* Speak about location: Americans love to talk about location. When speaking to a stranger, ask them where they are from and then make a connection with that place. For example: "Oh, I have a friend who studied in Los Angeles. He says it’s a beautiful place to live." Most Americans will then willingly talk about their experiences living or visiting that particular city or area.

谈论地址:美国人喜欢谈论地址。和陌生人说话的时候,可以问问他们从哪儿来然后找到自己跟那个地方的联系。譬如可以说:“啊,我有个朋友在洛杉矶学习,他说那地方非常漂亮。”这个时候大多数美国人就会非常想谈起他们居住或者到过那个特殊的地方或区域的经历。

* Talk about work: Americans commonly ask "What do you do?". It’s not considered impolite (as in some countries) and is a popular TOPic of discussion between strangers.

谈论工作:美国人一般会问“What do you do?”在某些国家会被觉得这是不礼貌的,但美国不是的,这只不过陌生人之间聊天的一个时尚话题。

* Talk about sports: Americans love sports! However, they love American sports. When speaking about football, most Americans understand "American Football", not soccer.

谈论运动:美国人超爱运动!不过,他们喜欢美国的运动。假如说到football,大多数美国人会理解成橄榄球而不是足球。

* Be careful when expressing ideas about race, religion or other sensitive TOPics: The United States is a multi-cultural society. Especially in the last few years, Americans are trying very hard to be sensitive to other cultures and ideas. Talking about sensitive TOPics like religion or beliefs, is often avoided in order to be sure not to offend someone of a different belief system. This is often referred to as being "politically correct".

说到种族、宗教或者其他敏锐话题要小心:美国是一个多文化的社会。尤其是近几年,美国人对其他文化和看法很特别的敏锐。像宗教或者信仰之类的敏锐话题一般都不会在谈话中提及,以免冒犯其他人。这就是常常被提到的“政治正确”。

Addressing People

称呼

* Use last names with people you do not know: Address people using their title (Mr, Ms, Dr) and their last names.

对不认识的人要称呼他们的姓:用他们的头衔(先生、女性、博士等)加上他们的姓。

* Always use "Ms" when addressing women: It is important to use "Ms" when addressing a woman. Only use "Mrs" when the woman has asked you to do so!

称呼女人的时候一般用“Ms”:称呼女人的时候用“Ms”,这非常重要。假如他们需要你称呼“Mrs” 那再照办好了。

* Many Americans prefer first names: Americans often prefer using first names, even when dealing with people in very different positions. Americans will generally say, "Call me Tom." and then expect you to remain on a first name basis.

大多数人喜欢被叫名字:美国人一般喜欢用他们的名字,即便是和身份很不一样的人交际。他们一般会说,“叫我Tom”,然后真的期望你用他们的名字来称呼他们(不是客气的哦)。

* Americans prefer informal: In general, Americans prefer informal greetings and using first names or nicknames when speaking with colleagues and acquaintances.

美国人大大咧咧:一般情况下,美国人喜欢非正式的问候,提到他们的同事或者用名字或者熟人的时候喜欢用昵称。

Public Behavior

注意公共场所的行为

* Always shake hands: Americans shake hands when greeting each other. This is true for both men and women. Other forms of greeting such as kissing on the cheeks, etc., is generally not appreciated.

常握手:美国人相互致意的时候喜欢握手,这是男女通用的。其他的譬如亲吻脸颊之类的方法是很不推荐的。

* Look your partner in the eye: Americans look each other in the eyes when they are speaking as a way of showing that they are sincere.

看他们的双眼:美国人想要表达关注的时候会在说话的时候看着他们的双眼。

* Don’t hold hands: Same sex friends do not usually hold hands or put their arms around each other in public in the United States.

别拉手:在美国,同性朋友们在公共场所不太会手拉手或者挽住他们的胳膊。

* Smoking is Out!! Smoking, even in public places, is strongly disapproved of by most Americans in the modern United States.

抽烟非常老土!!在当代的美国,抽烟,特别是在公共场所抽烟,是很不被大众同意的行为。

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