英语四级六级培训课程

如何提高托福阅读答卷准确率

时间:2022-2-14 作者:恒星英语学习网

很多考生难以理解托福阅读文章,缘由有两点:

(一)、没学会一些熟词的生僻含义。

(二)、缺少剖析长难句结构的能力。

举例说明:

There is always hope that in its labyrinth of musty, dark, disordered rooms a real rarity will be found amongst piles of assorted junk that litter the floor.

该句是由两个that引导的从句,分别充当hope的同位语从句和piles of assorted junk的定语从句。第一个由that引起的同位语从句,是由一段地址状语“in its labyrinth of musty, dark, disordered rooms”来展开全句的,其主句的语态是一个由a real rarity做主语的被动语态。全句可以翻译如下:大家还常常幻想在发霉、阴暗、无序的迷宫般店堂里,从杂乱地堆放在地面上的、各式各样的垃圾中淘到一件稀世珍品。

大家再来看一下这个句子,它是如此写的:

Though my aunt pursued what was, in those days, an enlightened policy, in that she never allowed her domestic staff to work more than eight hours a day, she was extremely difficult to please.

句子开头为Though引起的状语,动词pursue的宾语是一个由what引起的名词性从句,在插入了一个很书面的in that(意思等于since)引起的从句之后,终于出现了主句she was extremely difficult to please。这种一步步将句子意思推向高潮的写法就是英文中很有气势的“圆周句”,直到句子的末尾,作者最后的意思才被揭晓。全句可以如此理解:“(尽管)姑妈对待佣大家的做法在当时那个年代算是开明的,(由于她)从不让佣大家天天干活超越8个小时,但佣大家还是非常难让她感到认可。”

托福阅读文章中曾出现过一个典型的长句。其困难程度更胜GRE:In everyday life, people tend to have a different approach to those they consider their equals from that which they assume with people they consider higher or lower than themselves in the social scale.

句子的主干为people tend to have a different approach from that,其中that为代词,指代approach,此处译为“方法”最为贴切,因此主干的意思非常简单:“大家倾向于使用一种方法,与其它方法不同。”

代词that后紧跟which引导的从句充当that,即the approach的定语。除此之外,句中还有两个省略了whom的定语从句,将之补全如下:

In everyday life, people tend to have a different approach to those (whom) they consider their equals from that which they assume with people (whom) they consider higher or lower than themselves in the social scale.

全句直译如下:在日常,大家用一种方法对待他们觉得与自己社会地位同等的人,而用另一种的方法去对待他们觉得比自己社会地位高或低的人。

对于这种长句的准确剖析,需要日积月累的语言常识及好语感,大伙在托福阅读备考过程中,千万不可以忽略真题演练。

声明:本文内容由互联网用户自发贡献自行上传,本网站不拥有所有权,未作人工编辑处理,也不承担相关法律责任。如果您发现有涉嫌版权的内容,欢迎发送邮件至:375750496@qq.com 进行举报,并提供相关证据,工作人员会在5个工作日内联系你,一经查实,本站将立刻删除涉嫌侵权内容。